Buddha Purnima 2021: Know about Gautam Buddha’s birth anniversary

Gautam Buddha’s birth anniversary

Buddha Purnima 2021: All you need to know | Representational image

Buddha’s Birthday is a Buddhist festival that is celebrated in most of East Asia commemorating the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha, who was the founder of Buddhism. According to Buddhist tradition and modern academic consensus, Gautama Buddha was born c. 563–483 BCE in Lumbini

The birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, is celebrated as Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti with much fervour across the world. It falls on a full moon day in the month of Vaisakh (April/May) according to the Hindu calendar. This year Buddha Purnima will be celebrated on May 7. In Theravada Buddhism, it is also observed as the day when Buddha, born as Prince Siddhartha Gautama (c. 563-483 BCE) attained Nirvana (salvation) under the Mahabodhi tree at Bodh Gaya, Bihar, as well as his death anniversary. The Vesak full moon day is the most important day in the Buddhist calendar. Several Buddhists go to the pagodas to pour water at the foot of the sacred tree in remembrance of the Buddha’s Enlightenment.

Buddha Purnima 2021: Date

This year, the auspicious occasion will be celebrated on May 26, the 2583rd birth anniversary of Gautama Buddha.

However, the time of Gautama Buddha’s birth and death is uncertain. As per historians, Prince Siddhrtha Gautama was born around 563 at Lumbini in modern-day Nepal.

Buddha Purnima 2021: Purnima Tithi

The Purnima Tithi begins at 20:29 on May 25, 2021, and ends at 16:43 on May 26, 2021.

On this day, devotees visit temples, offer prayer to Lord Buddha, and donate alms to the needy. Some devotees also observe a fast, meditate and read Holy Scripture.

The day is also celebrated to remember the time Buddha achieved nirvana (salvation) under the Mahabodhi tree at Bodh Gaya.

Buddha Purnima Tithi Timings

The Purnima Tithi shall last from 8:29 PM on May 25 to 4:43 PM on May 26.

Buddha Purnima Significance

Born as Siddhartha Gautama to King Suddhodana and Mayadevi in Lumbini (now in Nepal), Gautam Buddha was raised in Kapilavastu. However, he relinquished his palace and the extravagances of his royalty at a very young age. He moved away from luxuries searching for the truth after witnessing human sufferings or the fundamental yet bitter realities of life.

Gautama Buddha is said to have given his first sermon at Sarnath after attaining enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. It is said that Buddha travelled from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath five weeks after getting enlightened.

Buddha’s five ascetic disciples, known as Panchavargika, had travelled to Ṛṣipatana (Rishipatana) in Sarnath even when Gautama Buddha was in Uruvilva (Bodh Gaya). After attaining enlightenment, Buddha proceeded towards Sarnath to give his first sermon to the Panchavargika.